The Muslim leader was Ali Jinnah from as early as 1916; in 1940 he began advocating and working for a separate Muslim state.When the British finally agreed to India's independence and withdrew in 1947, Pakistan became a Muslim nation, with Ali Jinnah as its first governor-general. The nation now called Pakistan was then called West Pakistan, and on the opposite side of India, some 1,000 miles (1,609 kilometers) away, was another Muslim area, designated East Pakistan. In 1971 East Pakistan waged a successful war of independence from West Pakistan and became the independent nation of Bangladesh.Pakistan also has several deserts, in Punjab and Sind.
In addition, the land is home to the famous Khyber Pass, which is the route that many invaders into India used.The people of each of these valley areas are well known for their tribal cultures, handicrafts, and for fascinating clothing, most of which is woven and handmade there and unique to their particular area. The official language of Pakistan is Urdu, but most public officials, people, and others in Pakistan also speak English; English is referred to as the informal official language of Pakistan.Urdu was created by combining the languages of early invaders and settlers, including Arabic, Persian, and Turkish.The people of Kaghan Valley are Muslim-Pathans as well as Kohistanis and Gujars.Shardu Valley is the capital of the district of Baltistan and is known as "Little Tibet" because the lifestyle there is similar to that in Tibet itself.
There is a thick white strip on the left side of the flag; the rest of the flag has a dark green background with a white crescent and a five-pointed star centered on it.